The waves need to break in shallow water, to be ridable. Before going out there and start catching the first waves is important to tell the difference between the three main breaks. Beach breaks is the best type of wave to start surfing on.
and reef breaks
are perhaps the most dangerous if a surfer wipes out badly, but they can be the most rewarding in their perfection.
Beach Breaks form when the sandy seabed gets progressively shallower, more precisely when the height of wave reaches a depth of roughly half of its height. So a beach break can be woefully unreliable in terms of where it will break and how big it will be and how deep. This means that most beaches are by default beach breaks. The disadvantage of beach breaks is that the waves are often not quite as big as with other breaks and they can break less predictably, which means that it is more difficult to surf on the edge of the wave. The advantage is that they are less risky, though one should still watch out for sea currents. Before getting in you should observe other surfers and understand where the best place is to catch the wave.